|MAJOR GENERAL ANTONIO MACEO GRAJALES:||
paradigm of an upright man and honorable soldier, he was one of the most notable
figures of the Cuban independence war of the 19th century.
was the main protagonist of the 1878 Protest of Baragua, a symbol of the Cubans'
revolutionary intransigence before the hesitations and wavering attitudes of
was born on June 14, 1845 in Majaguabo in eastern Cuba. On October 12, 1868, he
joined the independence war that had begun two days before, with the rank of
sergeant. Due to his extraordinary leadership qualities and his unequaled
fearlessness, he was subsequently promoted in rank until he achieved that of
major general in May 1877.
name is linked to the most important political and military events of the Ten
Years War (1868-78). He fought the enemy relentlessly and also confronted
military sedition, indiscipline and every attempt to generate division.
the end of the war, he had excelled as political leader and gave greater
dimension to his revolutionary stature by embodying the aspirations of the
popular masses in the Protest of Baraguá.
In those circumstances, he was a factor of unity among those who were
advocating continuing the struggle until independence and the abolition of
slavery were achieved.
war that began on February 24, 1895 received a great boost with Maceo's arrival
on Cuban soil. The invasion
campaign began alongside Máximo Gómez
that same year was, without doubt, the event in the war that most highlighted
his military capacity and talent because the invading forces carried the flame
of the revolution to the west of the island in only three months.
fell on December 7, 1896, in a battle in San Pedro, a few kilometers from the
city of Havana. He had taken part
in 830 combat actions and received 28 bullet wounds during his epic existence.
Major General Máximo Gómez summed up the tragedy in these words:
"The homeland mourned the loss of one of its most courageous defenders, Cuba the most glorious of its children and the Army the first among its generals."