the beginning of the 1980s, there was a notable increase in the probability of
military aggression against Cuba when the extreme right-wing came to power in
the United States. At that same
time, the leaders of the USSR surprisingly communicated to the Cuban authorities
that they would not go to Cuba's aid in the case of a military blockade or the
bombing or invasion of the island. The stage in which that extreme contingency was reached was
called the "Special Period in Wartime" in the plans drawn up to face
in 1989, the Cuban leadership forecast the complex situation that could take
place in the future, they came to the conclusion that, in a certain way, it
would be assimilated to the situation anticipated in the case of the country
having to confront military aggression by the main power on the planet unaided.
The period of great economic difficulties that might take place then
started being called the "Special Period in Peacetime".
Work immediately began to put the country in conditions for confronting
it decisively and successfully.
following public statement by Commander-in-Chief Fidel Castro in January 1990 is
does 'special period in peacetime' mean? That
the problems could have been so serious in the economic sphere due to relations
with the countries of Eastern Europe or could have been so grave due to certain
factors or processes in the Soviet Union that our country would have had to
confront an exceedingly difficult supply situation.
Take into account that all of the fuel comes from the USSR - or it might
be, for example, that this could have been reduced to half due to difficulties
in the USSR or even reduced to zero, which would be equivalent to a situation
like the one we call special period in wartime.
It would not, of course, be exceedingly grave in peacetime because there
would be certain possibilities for exports and imports in that variant."
few months later, that situation was already a reality and it is still hitting
the Cuban people hard even today. But
the Cuban people, far from becoming scared, carried out the extraordinary
prowess of decisively confronting and emerging gracefully from the most
difficult moment of this economic crisis caused by external factors, until they
turned the situation around in order to start the gradual economic recovery now