National Defense Law establishes that exceptional situations are the states of
that nature that are temporarily established in the country or part of it, in
order to guarantee national defense or protect the population and the economy in
case of military aggression, natural disasters, other types of catastrophes and
or other circumstances that because of their nature or magnitude affect the
internal order, the country’s security or the stability of the State.
Pursuant to the Constitution and the above mentioned Law, the following
situations can be declared exceptional.
of war or war proper.-
It is the exceptional situation of greatest importance which is declared in all
of the national territory with the aim of employing all the forces and resources
of society and the State to maintain and defend the homeland’s integrity and
sovereignty. It can be declared, in
the event of military aggression, by the National Assembly of the People’s
Power or by the Council of State when the former is adjourned and cannot be
convoked with the necessary security and urgency.
It is the exceptional situation established in all of the national territory to
attain, in a gradual and progressive way, the complete combat readiness of the
country and put it in conditions of maintaining its integrity and sovereignty.
It can be decreed by the Council of State when the country’s defend
State of emergency.- It is declared in the case or imminence of natural disasters or catastrophes or other circumstances that due to their nature or magnitude affect the internal order, the country’s security or the stability of the State, in all of the national territory or part of it, and while it last the population can be mobilized. It is declared by the President of the Council of State by a Resolution stating the causes that motivate it, the territory where it is established and the time it will be in force.